APS Annual Meeting at Experimental Biology

Time-Efficient Physical Training for Cardiovascular Health

Featured Topic — Thursday, April 29, 2021 — 10:00 AM - 11:30 AM — Virtual Session, Room APS-8
Environmental and Exercise Physiology Section — Chair: Daniel Craighead — Co-Chair:

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of death in developed/developing societies. Adverse changes in the structure and function of the heart, increased systolic blood pressure, and arterial dysfunction (increased arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction) are major contributors to CVD risk. Conventional aerobic exercise, as generally recommended in public health guidelines (150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise per week), is the most evidence-based strategy to enhance cardiorespiratory fitness and CV function. However, a relatively low percentage of adults meet aerobic exercise guidelines due in large part to time-availability related barriers. Accordingly, NIH recently prioritized establishing novel time-efficient strategies to promote adherence and maintain health, particularly in midlife (50-64 years) adults (NIH PA-18-849). In response to this FOA, we and colleagues who are working on time-efficient modes of physical training published a review article summarizing the existing evidence for high-intensity interval training and high-resistance inspiratory muscle strength training for promoting CV health, including potential mechanisms of action, current research gaps and future directions.


  • Introductions
    Daniel Craighead — Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado
    10:00 AM - 10:02 AM

  • Time-Efficient Interval Training for Improving Health and Fitness
    Jenna Gillen — Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto
    10:02 AM - 10:25 AM

  • Moderated Discussion
    Daniel Craighead — Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado
    10:25 AM - 10:30 AM

  • Abstract 1 - High-Resistance Inspiratory Muscle Strength Training Improves Cerebrovascular Function in Midlife/Older Adults
    Kaitlin A. Freeberg — Integrative Physiology of Aging Laboratory, University of Colorado Boulder
    10:30 AM - 10:45 AM

  • Abstract 2 - 4-s Power Cycling Training Increases Maximal Anaerobic Power, Peak Oxygen Consumption and Total Blood Volume
    Remzi Satiroglu — Kinesiology, University of Texas at Austin
    10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

  • Abstract 3 - Effects of Weekly Interval Training at High Intensity interval training on Dynamic Cardiorespiratory Responses to Exercise
    Ito Go — Graduate School of Human Environment, Osaka Sangyo University
    11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

  • Abstract 4 - The Effects of a 11-Week Resistance Training Program on Arterial Stiffness in Females
    Thomas Pellinger — Physical Therapy, University of Maryland Eastern Shore
    11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

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